About combustion catalyst
Combustion catalysts are a separate class of additives
Fuel combustion catalysts are substances that change the process of combustion (oxidation) of fuels, which can be assigned to a separate, independent class of additives that change the speed and mechanism of fuel combustion. Their introduction into the initial fuels allows to obtain new fuels with improved properties.
Since the fuel in the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine of any vehicle does not burn completely, for this purpose combustion catalysts were invented. Initially, they were used in aviation and space aviation, starting from the mid 70s.
For over 30 years, various versions of catalysts have been used in large commercial and state programs of the USSR. Millions and millions of kilometers and hours of work have proven the effectiveness of products in numerous categories.
Fuel combustion catalysts are formulated to reduce the activation energy of oxidation reactions occurring in the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. The consequence of reducing the activation energy is the possibility of carrying out the process of oxidizing the fuel and ensuring the completeness of its combustion at lower temperatures. Lowering the temperature in the combustion chamber leads to a decrease in the maximum pressure in it and, consequently, to a decrease in the rigidity of the engine, as well as to a decrease in emissions of harmful substances with exhaust gases.
It is known that the higher the ignition temperature of a fuel is, the lower is its burning rate. The combustion catalysts increase the burning rate of such fuels. Other things being equal, the accelerating effect of the catalyst will be the greater, the slower the non-catalyzed combustion process is.
Consequently, the catalysts will have the greatest effect on the combustion of high-boiling hydrocarbon fuels (the process of fuel combustion) and diesel fuels, fuel oils, whose combustible mixture is heterogeneous in the combustion chamber (consists of vapors and small droplets of fuel, as well as soot particles), and also gasoline and gas.